Parathyroid adenoma in an Ethiopian adolescent living with HIV: a rare association

Tinsae Alemayehu Tekle, Workeabeba Abebe


Background: Parathyroid adenomas are rarely diagnosed before adulthood. It is infrequently reported among people living with HIV.

Case details: We report a 19 year old female adolescent living with HIV who presented with a chronic body weakness, multiple fractures, and renal stones. Her work-up confirmed a diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism due to a solitary parathyroid adenoma. Symptoms improved after surgical excision of mass and supplementation of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D.

Conclusion: We describe a rare co-occurrence of primary hyperparathyroidism due to a solitary parathyroid adenoma in an adolescent living with HIV.

Key words: HIV, Hyperparathyroidism, Parathyroid adenoma, Ethiopia  

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