PREVALENCE OF BREAST CANCER AMONG PATIENTS WITH BREAST COMPLAINTS IN JUMC, RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE PAST FIVE YEARS
Background: - Breast cancer is the most common cancers in women worldwide. And its incidence has been increasing throughout the world. In our country the exact figures of breast cancer are not known and this study, will try to demonstrate the prevalence of breast cancer in JUMC, which is the sole pathology service provider in south-west Ethiopia serving over 15 million people
Methods and materials: - A record of a total number of patients who have undergone FNAC over the past five years from September 2013- July 2018 for a breast complaint were taken as the study population. And the information was collected by trained data collectors using a structured data collecting guide. Data was compiled and analyzed using SPSS V.22 software and presented using tables and figures.
Result: - Total of 698 patients had undergone FNAC for breast complaints during the study, period. Out of the 683 cases included in the study there were 598(89%) females and 75(11%) males. The age of the participants ranged from 8 to 80 years with a mean age of 32 and SD ± 13 years. In the study there were 73(10.7%) malignant cases.
Conclusion: the study shows that there is an increasing trend of breast cancer in the study area and female in the 6th and 7th decade have the highest rates of breast cancer. Patients with breast cancer wait a significant amount of time before seeking health care and more than half of the cases come with features of locally advanced cancer.
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