ANATOMICAL PROFILE OF NEUROLOGICAL AND MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING PHYSIOTHERAPY UNIT OF TIKUR ANBESA SPECALIZED HOSPITAL
Background: Neurological and musculoskeletal disorders can affect different body parts and anatomical structures. Physiotherapy is used in musculoskeletal and neurological disorders.
Objective: To assess the anatomical profile of neurological and musculoskeletal disorders among patients.
Material and Method: Institution based retrospective cross sectional study was carried out at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH). The sample size was 355. Data were obtained from charts of Patients presented to physiotherapy unit. The study participants were neurological and musculoskeletal patients visiting physiotherapy unit of TASH. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21. A statically significant association was declared at p-values <0.05.
Result: There were 342 participants among them 192 (56.1 %) were male and 150 (43.9 %) were female. Most 84 (24.6%) of patients, were between 45 and 59 years. In this study, prevalence of neurological disorders and musculoskeletal disorders were 55.3% and 38.6%, respectively. Lower limb 109 (31.9%), Back 67 (19.6%) and upper limb 59 (17.3 %) were the most affected anatomical regions. Inter Vertebral Disc (IVD) 88 (27.9%), Bone 66 (19.3 %) and joint 55 (17.5%) were the most affected structures. Among traumatic causes of disorders Road Traffic Accident (RTA) (45%) was the leading cause, followed by falling (19%).
Conclusion: In this study, lower limb and back were the most affected anatomical regions. IVD and bone were the most affected anatomical structures. RTA and Falling were among the common traumatic causes of musculoskeletal and neurologic disorders.
Keywords: Musculoskeletal, Neurological disorder, Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Ethiopia