Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus and their Associated Factors among Mothers Living in Harar Town, Eastern Ethiopia

Authors

  • Fitsum Abebe
  • Berhanu Seyoum
  • Zelalem Teklemariam
  • Azeb Tarekegne
  • Adane Mihret
  • Abraham Aseffa
  • Rawleigh Howe

Abstract

Background

Infection by Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) among mothers have high rate of vertical transmission and horizontal transmission and also have adverse effect on both the mother and the child. Understanding the epidemiology of these viruses could be valuable to take appropriate preventive measures.

Objective

To determine the seroprevalence and associated factors of HBV and HCV infection among mothers living in Harar town, Ethiopia.

Materials and Methods

A cross sectional study was conducted among 461 mothers living in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia from March 1 – May 30, 2017. Systematic random sampling method was used to select the study participants. Data was collected by face to face interview using pre tested structured questioners. Five millilitre of venous blood was collected with plain tubefrom each study subject and serum was tested for hepatitis using a sandwich third generation Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for HBsAg and anti HCV by using Bio-Rad ELISA kits. Data was analysed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.

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Published

2019-04-17

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Original Article