The Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome and Its Effect on Academic and Social Performances of Medical Students of Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Background: Premenstrual syndrome, a common cyclic disorder of young and middle-aged women, is characterized by emotional and physical symptoms that consistently occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The Primary objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its effect on academic and social performances among medical students of College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University.
Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was done among systematically selected female medical students of College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on March, 2019. A self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 226 Students during the study period.
Results: Among the respondents, 129(57.07%) students fulfilled the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V criteria for Premenstrual syndrome. Hundred and four (53.0%) of the participants reported academic performance impairment in their learning activities. Among those who reported performance impairment due to PMS, 67(29.6%) reported missing class lectures, seminars, bed sides or rounds, 11(4.8%) missed examination and 3(1.3%) of them reported withdrawal from their study. Hundred and two (52.9%) participants reported impairment in their social life activities. Body Mass Index of <18.5 kg/m2 and age of menarche between 13 and 15 years had statistically significant association with premenstrual syndrome.
Conclusion: Our study revealed a high prevalence and negative impact of PMS on medical students of Addis Ababa University. Therefore, health education, appropriate medical treatment and counseling services should be provided to affected medical students.
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