Making Community Based Newborn Care Sustainable in Ethiopia

  • Yirdachew Semu
  • Ephrem Tekle
  • Abeba Bekele
  • Efrem Teferi
  • Lisanu Taddesse
  • Wuleta Betamariam
  • Addis Ashenafi
  • Mariame Sylla
  • Yenealem Taddese


ntroduction: To urgently reduce child mortality in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health has implemented a community-based newborn care program, building on the foundations of Integrated Community Case Management of Child Illness and the Health Extension Program.  From the outset of the program, the Federal Ministry of Health goal has been to ensure that the program is rapidly scaled nationwide and its benefits sustained into the future.

Objective: To assess the sustainability of the Community Based Newborn Care program to date and recommend a way forward.

Methods: Applying a program sustainability framework suggested, we conducted a desk review of available documents.  These included program guidelines, plans, tools, studies and evaluations, meeting reports, annual reports and program data. Collaborating partners were engaged throughout and provided additional insights through group meetings. 

Findings: The community based newborn care program has had robust leadership from the Federal Ministry of Health throughout the program design and implementation process. The program builds on the foundation of the Health extension program, which provides services through government supported Health Extension Worker.

Brief Communication