Magnitude of Diabetic Retinopathy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients in Menelik II Hospital, Addis Ababa
Background: Diabetic Retinopathy, one of the chronic micro vascular complications, is a major global cause of total blindness. As the global prevalence of diabetes increases, so will the numbers of people with diabetic retinopathy. Hence, this study aimed to determining the magnitude and severity of diabetic retinopathy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients in Menelik II Hospital.
Method: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted on newly diagnosed type 2 DM patients. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) 20 version computer software.
Result: A total of 111 patients with newly diagnosed type II diabetes participated in this study. The mean age of the study participants was 50.5 (± 10.6years) with a range of 30-70 years. Almost half of the respondents (47.7%) completed their secondary school education. The average BMI of the participants was 25.0 ± 3.6kg/m2. Diabetic retinopathy was detected in 24 (21.6%) patients out of whom 7 (29.16%) had mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, 8 (33.3%) moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, Severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy 5(20.8%) and 4 (16.7%) proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy at time of diagnosis among type II diabetes was 21.6%. This high number of undiagnosed diabetic retinopathy indicated for an early and regular screening for diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients and more aggressive management of modifiable risk factors could reduce the numbers of people who develop vision-threatening retinopathy.
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