Needle stick and sharp injuries among residents practicing surgical intervention in a Tertiary Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


  • Wuletaw Chane Zewude St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College
  • Luli Baissa
  • Yishak Suga
  • Yishak Suga


Needle Stick, Injury, Residents


Background: Needle stick and sharp object injury is a common occupational hazard of healthcare workers. And it is a cause of concern for it can affect once wellbeing.

Objective: The study aims in assessing the occurrence and circumstances surrounding needle stick & sharp injuries and behavior associated with the reporting of injuries among residents practicing surgical intervention.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was employed, among residents on training in St. Paul’s hospital millennium medical college (SPHMMC) and who practice surgical intervention on patient. Data was collected using pretested, structured questionnaire from all residents practicing surgical intervention and who are at different post graduate year of their specialty training from February 1st, 2018 till March 30th, 2018.

Result: A total of 122 residents practicing surgery in our study area participated on the study, of which 32.8% are general surgery residents. The others are from department of orthopedics and traumatology (12.3%), ENT (6.6%), department of obstetrics and gynecology (29.5%), maxillofacial (5.7%), Ophthalmology (7.4%) and department of emergency medicine (5.4%). Of the respondents, 84(68.9%) residents sustained NSSI at least once over the study period, among which only 14.8% are involved in high risk patients. Highest level of injury is seen among residents from departments of orthopedics & traumatology and maxillofacial whereas the least injury seen from department of ophthalmology.

Conclusion: Results of our study are comparable to literatures in terms of incidence of NSSI and reporting habit of residents after the injury.

Author Biography

Wuletaw Chane Zewude, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College

Deoartment of Surgery

Assistant Professor of Surgery


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Original Article