Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices towards Covid-19 among Health Professionals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020.
Keywords:knowledge, attitude, practice, COVID-19
Background: COVID-19 is an acute respiratory illness caused by a novel human coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which causes higher mortality in people aged ≥60 years and in people with underlying medical conditions.
Objective: To describe the Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among health professionals in selected hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Methods: this is a cross-sectional survey conducted in selected Addis Ababa Hospitals during April and May 2020. A standardized, well-structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics was used to summarize the study and outcome variables. Chi-square test and odds ratios were used to test the differences and observing and quantifying the association between categorical outcomes respectively.
Result: A total of 526 health professionals participated in the study. 227(43.2 %) were from Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, 110 (20.9 %) from Yekatit 12 Hospital 87 (16.5 %), and 102 (19.4 %) from Ghandi and Zewditu Memorial Hospitals respectively. Among this 283 (53.8 %) were female and mean age was 32.5 + 8.9. 204 (38.8 %) physician and 82 (15.6 %) were nurses. Age groups > 50 years were more knowledgeable than the reference age group 20-30 years AOR 8.76 with 95% CI (2.47-30.99). Being Pharmacist and laboratory technician had a good knowledge than the reference group nurses with AOR 2.72 (1.25-5.94) and 1.98 (1.00-3.94) 95% CI respectively.
Conclusion: The study identified that there was a huge knowledge gap on the asymptomatic transmission of the disease and measures should be taken to fill the knowledge gap.
2. Bao-Liang Zhong, Wei Luo, Hai-Mei Li, Qian-Qian Zhang, Xiao-Ge Liu, Wen-Tian Li1, et, al. Research Paper Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences 2020; 16(10): 1745-1752. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.45221
3. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
4. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
5. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
6. The Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China. Chin J Epidemiol. 2020; 41: 145-51.
7. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020; 395: 507-13
8. "Ethiopia confirms first coronavirus case: Live updates". aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
9. Lia Tadesse [@lia_tadesse] (13 April 2020). "Report#31 የኢትዮጵያ የኮሮና ቫይረስ ሁኔታ መግለጫ Status update on #COVID19Ethiopia" (Tweet) – via Twitter
10. "COVID-19: Ethiopia closes schools, bans public events". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
11. fanabc.com. Ethiopia Suspends Flights To 30 Countries. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
12. bloomberg.com. Ethiopia Closes Land Border, Deploys Troops to Combat Virus. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
13. cnn.com. Ethiopia pardons more than 4,000 prisoners to help prevent coronavirus spread. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
14. fanabc.com. Ethiopia Declares State Of Emergency Over COVID19. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
15. ROB VOS, WILL MARTIN, LABORDE D. How much will global poverty increase because of COVID-19? Blog. March 20, 2020.
16. World Bank, 2019 – Draft Analysis - COVID-19: Potential Poverty and Social Impacts in Ethiopia and Policy Responses. This note was prepared by the Ethiopia team of the Poverty and Equity Global Practice
17. World Health Organization. 2019-nCoV outbreak is an emergency of international concern. 2020. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/emergencies/pages/news/new s/2020/01/2019-ncov-outbreak-is-an-emergency-of-international-concern (access Feb 16, 2020).
18. Ajilore K, Atakiti I, Onyenankey K. College students’ knowledge, attitudes and adherence to public service announcements on Ebola in Nigeria: Suggestions for improving future Ebola prevention education programmes. Health Education Journal. 2017; 76: 648-60.
19. Person B, Sy F, Holton K, Govert B, Liang A, National Center for Inectious Diseases SCOT. Fear and stigma: the epidemic within the SARS outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004; 10: 358-63. 9. Tao N. An analysis on reasons of SARS-induced psychological.
20. Ahmed I. Albarrak, Rafiuddin Mohammed, Ali Al Elayan and Feras Al Fawaz, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Comparing the knowledge, attitude and practices of different health care workers. Journal of Infection and Public Health. DOI: 10.1016/j.jiph.2019.06.029, August 2019.
21. Almutairi, Khalid M., Al Helih, Eyad M., Moussa, Mahaman, Boshaiqah, Ahmad E., Saleh Alajilan, Abdulrahman, Vinluan, Jason M., et,al . Awareness, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Coronavirus Pandemic Among Public in Saudi Arabia. ePub version,2020
22. Wafa Ali Aldhaleei, Jamal Rahmani, Mohammadjavad Ashrafi Mahabadi, Deepak
Kumar Bandari. Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge and Perceptions: A Survey of Healthcare Workers. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.09.20033381