DETERMINANTS OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION PRACTICES IN EAST GOJJAM ZONE, WESTERN AMHARA, ETHIOPIA

Authors

Abstract

Background: Female genital mutilation is one of the harmful traditional practices among women and girls. More than 130 million girls and women live today who have undergone female genital mutilation. In Ethiopia, a high prevalence (74.3% national and 68.5% in Amhara region) has been reported. This study was aimed to identify determinant factors of  female genital mutilation practices in  East  Gojjam Zone, Western Amhara, Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted among 730 women aged 15-49 years and having children < 5 years old in September, 2014. Data were collected using a pretested interviewer administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to describe study objectives, and bivariate and multivariate analysis to identify determinant factors to female genital mutilation.Results: 718 women and 805 daughters  participated in the study. FGM prevalence was 689 (96%) and 403 (49%) among women and daughters< 5 years of age, respectively. Type1 and type 2 FGMs were common and daughters <1 years of age exhibited 91% female genital mutilation. Daughters' age, parent education level, residence, women circumcision history, culture, health education, frequent health extension workers follow up and participation in anti FGM interventions were risk factors to female genital mutilation practice.Conclusions: Female genital mutilation practices continues to be a major problem to women and daughter <5 years of age in the study area. A number of factors were associated with FGM practices including daughters’ age, parent education level, residence, health education, culture, mothers circumcision history, frequent health extensions workers follow up and participation in anti FGM interventions were determinants to higher FGM practices.

 

Key words: Female genital mutilation, determinant factors, Goncha District, Ethiopia

 

Author Biography

Mulusew Andualem, Bahir Dar University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sceinces

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2016-07-01

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