PREVALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN 7– 12 YEARS OLD SCHOOL CHILDREN PRESENTING TO DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS AND CHILD HEALTH, TIKUR ANBESSA SPECIALIZED TEACHING HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
Introduction: Information concerning the prevalence of diabetes mellitus iis sparse n Ethiopia . The study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among children aged 7–12 years presenting to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital and identify the factors influencing its diagnosis.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on children aged 7–12 years presenting with complaints other than symptoms of diabetes mellitus from July 2013 to January 2014.
Results: A total of 1,067 participants were involved; 41% were females and 59% were males. The mean age was 9.5+/- 2.5 years. 116 parents of study participants (10.87%) had appropriate knowledge of symptoms of diabetes mellitus, while 236 (22.12%) had adequate knowledge regarding its nature. 90% of parents failed to recognize that diabetes mellitus could affect children younger than 15 years. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 2.81/1000 cases. Impaired fasting glucose/impaired glucose tolerance was detected in 8.43/1000 cases. Parental educational level was associated with failure to recognize symptoms of diabetes mellitus and lacking knowledge of its nature.
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus among children aged 7–12 years presenting to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital. Hence, we recommend the design and implementation of community based screening and health education programs.
Key words: Diabetes mellitus, Non-communicable diseases, Child, Ethiopia
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