A Unique Case Report of Tracheobronchomalacia in an HIV Patient
Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is an uncommon disease characterized by marked dilation of the trachea and mainstem bronchi, occurring as a result of atrophy or absence of elastic fibers and muscle tissues. Furthermore, atrophy of the connective tissue between the cartilage rings may result in the formation of diverticula, contributing to the development of recurrent respiratory infections. TBM may be congenital (Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome) or acquired. Patients can be asymptomatic or present with mild to severe disease with respiratory failure. We report the first case of TBM from East Africa in a 45-year-old woman with HIV disease.
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