MUSCULOSKELETAL TUMORS AT ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY, ETHIOPIA: A 21 YEAR ANALYSIS AT THE ORTHOPAEDIC CENTER, TIKUR ANBESA SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL.
The burden of cancer is on the rise, according to WHOâ€™s report the number of new cases is said to increase by about 70% over the next two decades. It is the second leading cause of death worldwide, and 2/3rd of these deaths are in low- and middle-income countries like Ethiopia. Musculoskeletal tumors refer to abnormal growths involving bone and the surrounding soft tissues. In Ethiopia, like that of rest of sub-Saharan nations estimates for the incidence of musculoskeletal tumors is increasing;
The source of information is the Orthopedic Center at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital which is the Countryâ€™s largest and major diagnostic and treatment center for musculoskeletal tumors. The patients demographics and selected variables are recorded from their medical records onto Ms.Excel and then analyzed using IBM SPSS(V.24). The database spans from 1989 G.C upto 2009 G.C
There is a trend of rising case numbers, from less than ten cases in 1989 to more than a 100 cases per year in 2007 and 2008 each. Overall, the leading musculoskeletal tumors are soft tissue sarcomas at 66.3% followed by Osteosarcoma 18.5% which is the leading primary bone tumor in the study duration.
There is a need for establishing or strengthening populationâ€based Musculoskeletal tumor registry in the whole of Ethiopia to implement executive and evidenceâ€based national and regional cancer control programs.
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