Being Children and Delayed presentation are risk factors for Complications following Traditional bone setting in southern Ethiopia: Finding from facility-based study

  • Articles
  • Submited: January 5, 2024
  • Published: April 18, 2024


Aims: Traditional bone-setting (TBS) is associated with many life- and limb-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to explore risk factors for complications among trauma patients who presented to our institution after traditional bone setting.

Methods: Prospective institutional-based study was conducted from July 2020 to June 2021.  All 230 patients who first visited TBS and presented to hospital were included. A structured, pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. The data were collected by trained health professional through face-to-face interviews which was uploaded to the website developed for this purpose and exported to SPSS version 24 for analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize and present the data. Binary logistic regression analysis used to measure the association between independent and dependent variables. The presence of a statistically significant association was declared using a 95% confidence interval (CI) and a P-value less than 0.05.

Results: Over two-thirds, or 62.6%, of the patients had a complication during presentation to the hospital. In the multivariable logistic regression model, younger age (AOR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.21, 4.92), longer time interval between initial injury and arrival at the hospital (AOR = 7.40, 95% CI = 3.86, 14.20), and the region where the patients live (AOR = 2.05, 95% CI = 1.06, 3.40) were significantly associated with complications.

Conclusions: The magnitude of complications among trauma patients who first visited TBS was unacceptably high. The risk factors for complications were younger age, delayed presentation to the hospital, and the region where the patients live.


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How to Cite
G Mengesha, M., G Adem, E., Gari, T., Bussa, S., Alemu, E., Zerihun, Y., Wude, Z., Marthin, C., & Harrison, J. (2024). Being Children and Delayed presentation are risk factors for Complications following Traditional bone setting in southern Ethiopia: Finding from facility-based study . Ethiopian Medical Journal, 62(Supplement 1). Retrieved from

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