PULMONARY COCCIDIODOMYCOSIS PRESENTING AS A MASS, AN UNCOMMON DISEASE ENTITY IN ETHIOPIA: A CASE STUDY

Authors

Abstract

Coccidiodomycosis is a disease caused by the spores of the fungi coccidiodes immitis and pulmonary coccidiodomycosis comes after inhalation of the spores which is mainly found in desert areas of the United States, central and South America.

Reported cases from outside the endemic areas have always history of travel to these areas. We report here a case of pulmonary coccidodomycosis with no history of travel to such areas,

A 24 years old female patient from Samre, South-Eastern Tigray, presented with right side chest pain and productive cough of yellowish sputum which sometimes is blood streaked. She had completed anti-tuberculosis treatment without any improvement. With a preliminary diagnosis of pulmonary mass, surgical exploration was made and histology of the excised tissue showed appearances consistent with pulmonary coccidioidomycosis.There was marked clinical and radiological improvement after three weeks of treatment with ketoconazole.Coccidiodomycosis should be considered as differencial diagnosis specially for patients from arid areas like that of our patient

Author Biographies

Girmay Hagos Araya, Mekelle University

assistant professor, surgery

Reiye Esayas Mengesha, Mekelle University

Assistant professor, surgery

References

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Osaki T et al. Pulmonary coccidioidomycosis that formed a fungus ball with 8-years duration. Intern Med. 2005 Feb;44(2):141-4.

Rady MY, Lopez A , Patel BM, and Larson JS . Pyo-mediastinitis: A complication of pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. Can J Infect Dis. 2003 May-Jun; 14(3): 170–172.

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Published

2015-07-20

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Section

Case Report