Dialysis Prescription: Determinants and relationship with intradialytic complications and the dialysis dose. A prospective study.

Peter Uduagbamen
Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria
Prof | Bio
University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
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  • Articles
  • Submited: October 13, 2021
  • Published: January 2, 2023

Abstract

Introduction: Dialysis still remains the most common modality for the treatment of end stage kidney disease and it could be maneuvered to augment its dose, minimize complications and improve outcome. Dialysis prescription is a brief of how dialysis is to be given and involves adjustments in patients’ characteristics, disease or dialytic procedure. This study aimed to assess the determinants of the prescribed dialysis and its relationship with intradialytic complications and the dialysis dose.

Methods: A prospective study in which 1248 sessions for 232 consented participants with end stage kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis were studied from 2017-2020. Biodata was taken, participants were examined and blood samples were taken to determine electrolytes, urea/creatinine and hematocrit. Pearson’s correlation was used to determine the strength of association between dialysis dose and some variables.

Results: Determinants of the prescribed dose were dialysis frequency (P<0.001), and predialysis systolic blood pressure (P<0.001) and packed cell volume (P<0.001). Dialysis sessions without significant intradialytic blood pressure changes were most likely to be completed, as sessions with intra-dialysis hypotension were most likely to be terminated. Participants dialyzed with high flux dialyzers, via an arterovenous fistula, higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates had higher dialysis doses (P<0.001 in all instances).

Conclusion:  Higher dialysis doses were achieved with higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates. Intradialytic hypotension was common with dialysis termination, higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates. Intradialytic hypertension was common with low flux dialyzers. An optimized dialysis prescription is needed to deliver an adequate dialysis dose and minimize complications.

 

 

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How to Cite
Uduagbamen, P., & Kadiri, S. (2023). Dialysis Prescription: Determinants and relationship with intradialytic complications and the dialysis dose. A prospective study. Ethiopian Medical Journal, 61(1). Retrieved from https://emjema.org/index.php/EMJ/article/view/2003

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