Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • I confirm that all co-authors of this article, if any, are aware of the submission and I will be responsible for any grievance raised during the article review and publishing process.
  • I confirm that I have been serving all co-authors of this article, if any, as primary contact with Ethiopian Medical Journal for this particular article.

Author Guidelines

Guidelines for Authors

The Ethiopian Medical Journal (EMJ) is the official Journal of the Ethiopian Medical Association (EMA) devoted to the advancement and dissemination of knowledge pertaining to the broad field of medicine in Ethiopia and other developing countries. Prospective contributors to the Journal should take note of the instructions of Manuscript preparation and submission to EMJ as outlined below.

Article types acceptable by EMJ

Original Articles (vide infra) on experimental and observational studies with clinical relevance

Brief Communications

Case Series

Case Reports

Editorials, Review or Teaching Articles: by invitation of the Editorial Board.

Correspondences/Letters to the Editor

Monographs or set of articles on specific themes appearing in a Special Issues of the Journal

Book reviews

Perspectives,

Viewpoints

Hypothesis or discussion of an issue important to medical practice

Letter to the Editor

Commentaries

Advertisements

Obituaries

 

N.B. Articles are not acceptable if previously published or submitted elsewhere in print or electronic format, except in the form of abstracts in proceedings of conferences.

 

Content and format of articles:

Title: The title should be on a separate page. It should not have acronyms or abbreviations. The title should be descriptive and should `not exceed 20 words or 120 characters including space. The title page should include the name(s) and qualification of the author(s); the department or Institution to which the study/research is attributed and address of the corresponding Author. If the author has multiple affiliations only use the most preferred one.

 

  1. Original Articles

2,500 words, excluding Abstracts, References, Figures and Tables. The manuscript of the Article, should appear under the following headings:

  1. a) Abstract: The abstract of the Article is prepared on a separate paper, a maximum of 250 words; it should be structured under the titles: a) Background; b) Methods; c) Results; d) Conclusions. Briefly summarize the essential features of the article under above headings, respectively. Mention the problem being addressed in the study; how the study was conducted; the results and what the author(s) concluded from the results. Statistical method used can appear under Methods paragraph of the Abstract, but do not insert abbreviations or references in the Abstract section.

Keywords: Provide three to six key words, or short phrases at the end of abstract page. Use terms from medical subject heading of Index Medicus to assist in cross indexing the Article.

  1. b) Introduction : Should provide a short background and context of the study and provide the rationale for doing the study. It should not be a detailed review of the subject and should not include conclusions from the paper.
  2. c)  Patients or (Materials) and Methods: should contain details to enable reproducibility of the study by others. This section must include a clear statement specifying that a free and informed consent of the subjects or their legal guardians was obtained. Corresponding author should submit a copy of institution review Board (IRB) clearance or letter of permission from the hospital or department (if IRB exempt) with the manuscript. For manuscripts on clinical trials, a copy of ethical approval letter from the concerned body should be submitted with the Manuscript. If confidential data is being used for publication (such as student grades, medical board data, or federal ethics board data), then appropriate support/agreement letter should be included. Photos of patients should disguise the identity or must have obtained their written consent. Reference number for ethical approval given by ethics committee should be stated. In general, the section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section.
  3. d) Results: This section should present the experimental or observational data in text, tables or figures. The data in Tables and Figures should not be described extensively in the text.
  4. e) Discussion: The first paragraph should provide a summary of key finding that will then be discussed one by one in the paragraphs to follow. The discussion should focus on the interpretation and significance of the results of the study with comments that compare and describe their relation to the work of others (with references) to the topic. Do not repeat information of Results in this section. Make sure the limitations of the study are clearly stated.
  5. f) Tables and Figures: These should not be more than six. Tables should be typed in triplicate on separate sheets and given serial Arabic numbers. Titles should be clearly place underneath Tables and above Figures. Unnecessary and lengthy tables and figures are discouraged. Same results should not be presented in more than one form (choose either figure or table). Units should appear in parentheses in captions but not in the body of the table. Statistical procedures, if not in common use, should be detailed in the METHODS section or supported by references. Legends for figures should be typed on separate sheets, not stapled to the figures. Three dimensional histograms are discouraged. Recognizable photographs of patients should be disguised. Authors should submit editable soft versions of the tables and figures.
  6. g) Acknowledgement: Appropriate recognition of contributors to the research, not included under Authors should be mentioned here; also add a note about source of the financial support or research funding, when applicable.
  7. h) References:
  • The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used for MEDLINE (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals).
  • References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text and identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses.
  • Type the References on a separate sheet, double spaced and keyed to the text.
  • Personal communications should be placed NOT in the list of references but in the text in parentheses, giving name, date and place where the information was gathered or the work carried out (e.g. personal communication, Alasebu Berhanu, MD, 1984, Gondar College of Medical Sciences). Unpublished data should also be referred to in the text.
  • References with six or less authors should all be listed. If more than six names, list the first three, followed by et al.
  • Listing of a reference to a journal should be according to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ("Vancouver Style') and should include authors' name(s) and initial(s) separated by commas, full title of the article, correctly abbreviated name of the journal, year, volume number and first and last page numbers.
  • Reference to a book should contain author's or authors’ name(s) and initials, title of chapter, names of editors, title or book, city and name of publisher, year, first and last page numbers.

 

The following examples demonstrate the acceptable reference styles.

Articles:

  • Gilbert C, Foster A. Childhood blindness in the context of Vision 2020: the right to sight. Bull World Health Org 2001;79:227-32
  • Teklu B. Disease patterns amongst civil servants in Addis Ababa: an analysis of outpatient visits to a Bank employee’s clinic. Ethiop Med J 1980;18:1-6
  • Tsega E, Mengesha B, Nordenfelt E, Hansen B-G; Lindberg J. Serological survey of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J 1988; 26(4): 179-84
  • Laird M, Deen M, Brooks S, et al. Telemedicine diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma by direct ophthalmoscopy (Abstract). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1996; 37:104-5

Books and chapters from books:

  • Henderson JW. Orbital Tumors, 3rd ed. Raven Press New York, 1994. Pp 125-136.
  • Clipard JP. Dry Eye disorders. In Albert DM, Jakobiec FA (Eds). Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology. W.B Saunders: Philadelphia, PA 1994 pp257-76.

Website:

  • David K Lynch; laser History: Masers and lasers.

  http://home.achilles.net/jtalbot/history/massers.htmAccessed 19/04/2001

  1. Brief Communication

       Short versions of Research and Applications articles, often describing focused approaches to solve a health problem, or prelnary evaluation of a novel system or methodology

  • Word count: up to 2000 words
  • Abstract up to 200 words; excluding: Abstract, Title, Tables/Figures and References
  • Tables and Figures up to 5
  • References (vide supra – Original Article)
  1. Case Series

Minimum of three and maximum of 20 cases

  • Up to 1,000 words; excluding: Abstract, Title, Tables/Figures and References
  • Abstract of up to 200 words; structured; (vide supra)
  • Statistical statements here are expressed as 5/8 (62.5%)
  • Tables and Figures: no more than three
  • References: maximum of 20
  1. Case Report

Report on a rare case or uncommon manifestation of a disease of academic or practical significance

  • Up to 750 words; excluding: Abstract, Title, Tables/Figures and References
  • Abstract of up to 100 words; unstructured;
  • Tables and Figures: no more than three
  • References: maximum of 10
  1. Systematic review

Review of the literature on topics of broad scientific interest and relevant to EMJ readers

  • Abstract structured with headings as for an Original Article (vide supra)
  • Text should follow the same format as what is required of an Original Article
  • Word count: up to 8,000 words, excluding abstract, tables/Figures and references
  • Structured abstract up to 250 words
  • Tables and Figures up to 8
  1. Teaching Article

        A comprehensive treatise of a specific topic/subject, considered as relevant to clinical medicine and public health targeting EMJ readers

  • By invitation of the Editorial Board; but an outline of proposal can be submitted
  • Word limit of 8,000; excluding abstract, tables/Figures and references
  • Unstructured Abstract up to 250 words
  1. Editorial
  • By invitation of the Editorial Board, but an editorial topic can be proposed and submitted
  • Word limit of 1,000 words: excluding references and title; no Abstract
  • References up to 15.
  1. Perspectives
  • By invitation of the Editorial board, but a topic can be proposed and submitted
  • Word limit of 1,500
  • References up to six
  1. Obituaries
  • By invitation of the Editorial board, but readers are welcome to suggest individuals (members of the EMA) to be featured.

 

  Preparation of manuscripts

  • Manuscripts must be prepared in English, the official language of the Journal.
  • On a single separate sheet, there must be the title of the paper, with key words for indexing if required, and each author's full name and professional degrees, department where work was done, present address of any author if different from that where work was done, the name and full mailing address of the corresponding author, including email, and word count of the manuscript (excluding title page, abstract, references, figures and tables). Each table/figures/boxes or other illustrations, complete with title and footnotes, should be on a separate page.
  • All pages should be numbered consecutively in the following order: Title page; Abstract and keywords page; main manuscript text pages; References pages; acknowledgment page; Figure-legends and Tables
  • The Metric system of weights and measures must be used; temperature is indicated in degrees Centigrade.
  • Generic names should be used for drugs, followed by propriety brand name; the manufacturer name in parenthesis, e.g. diazepam (Valium, Roche UK)
  • Statistical estimates e.g. mean, median proportions and percentages should be given to one decimal place; standard deviations, odds ratios or relative risks and confidence intervals to two decimal places.
  • Acronyms/Abbreviations should be used sparingly and must be given in full, at first mention in the text and at the head of Tables/foot of Figure, if used in tables/figures.eg. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN). Interstitial lung disease (ILD).
  • Use the binomial nomenclature, reference to a bacterium must be given in full and underlined - underlining in typescript becomes italics in print (e.g. Hemophilus influenzae), and later reference may show a capitalised initial for the genus (e.g. H. influenzae)
  • In the text of an article, the first reference to any medical phrase must be given in full, with the initials following in parentheses, e.g., blood urea nitrogen (BUN); in later references, the initials may be used.
  • Manuscripts for submission should be prepared in Microsoft Word document file format

 

Submission of manuscripts

  • As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with journals requirements
  • All manuscripts must be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal with a statement signed by each author that the paper has not been published elsewhere in whole or in part and is not submitted elsewhere while offered to the Ethiopian Medical Journal. This does not refer to abstracts of oral communications at conferences/symposia or other proceedings.
  • It is the author's responsibility to proof-read the typescript or off-print before submitting or re-submitting it to the Journal, and to ensure that the spelling and numerals in the text and tables are accurate.
  • Authors should submit their work through the Ethiopian Medical Journal website; ema.emj@telecom.net.et.

 

Conflict of interest

Authors should disclose at the time of submission of manuscripts any conflict of interest, which  refers to situations in which financial or other personal considerations may compromise, or have the appearance of compromising their professional judgment in conducting or reporting the research results They should declare that there is no conflict of interest to declare if there is none,

 

Manuscripts review procedures

The procedures for manuscripts review include:

  • Within one week of receipt of a manuscript, the Editorial Board will review it in reference to (i) conformity with the Journal's "guidelines to authors (revised version available in all issues starting January 2020)", (ii) relevance of the article to the objectives of the EMJ, (iii) clarity of presentation, and (iv) plagiarism by using appropriate software
  • The Editorial Board has three options: accept manuscripts for external review, return it to author for revision, or reject it. A manuscript not accepted by a board member is blindly reviewed by another board member.  If not accepted by both, the manuscript is rejected by the Editorial Board.  Decision will be made by the suggestion of a third Editorial Board member if the decisions of first two do not concur.
  • Once accepted for external review, the Editorial Board identifies one (for brief communication, case reports, and teaching articles) or two (for original articles) reviewers with appropriate expertise. The reviewers will be asked to review and return manuscripts with their comments online within two weeks of their receipt. Reviewers have four options; accept, accept with major revision, accept with minor revision, or reject.
  • A Manuscript accepted subject revision as suggested by reviewers will be returned to the corresponding author. Author(s) will be given four weeks to respond to reviewers' comments, make necessary changes, and return the manuscript to the Editorial Board. A Manuscript not returned within the specified time will be considered withdrawn by the author(s).
  • Manuscripts with minor revisions will be cleared by the Editorial Board and accepted for publication. Those with major revisions will be returned to external reviewers and follow the procedures as outlined for the initial review.

 

General information

The Editorial Board reserves the right for final acceptance, rejection or editorial correction of papers submitted. However, authors are encouraged to write an appeal to the Editor-in-Chief for reconsideration of  rejected manuscripts or any other complaints they might have.

 

        Accepted papers are subject to Editorial revision as required and become the copy-right of the EMA Twenty-five reprints of published articles are supplied free to the first/corresponding author.

 

         The Editorial Board welcomes comments on the guidelines from Journal readers.

 

Privacy statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Acknowledgment

We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) obtained through the CDC-EMA Cooperative Agreement No. 5U2GPS000834. We also warmly thank those who generously give donations to meet the Journal's cost.

 

THE ETHIOPIAN MEDICAL JOURNAL

 

The Ethiopian Medical Journal, founded in 1962, appears four times a year and is available from the Secretary, EMA House,             Addis Ababa, or by mail P. O. Box 3472, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Request for previous issues is welcomed. For this and any other information, please contact us through:

e-mail: emjeditor2018@gmail.com  Tel. 251-1-158174 or 251-1-533742; Fax: 251-1-533742

 

The Journal contains original articles and research of special relevance to the broad issue of medicine in Ethiopia and in other developing countries. It is listed in the Index Medicus and Current Contents. Its ISSN number is ISSN 0014–1755.

 

If you wish to subscribe to the Journal, please complete the section below and return it to the Secretary. The Subscription rates are:

 

Ethiopia: Eth. Birr 372 annually, postage included; World-wide: US$ 120, airmail postage included

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

Request to: The Secretary, Ethiopian Medical Journal, P. O. Box 3472, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. I wish to subscribe to the Ethiopian Medical Journal for the Year(s) …………. to …………….

Name .....................................................................................................................……..

Address ................................................................................................................………

 

I enclose my subscription fee of ...................................................................................

Signed ................................

 

Cheques should be made payable to the Ethiopian Medical Journal. If payment is made by Bank Transfer (A/C No. 0172018004100, Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Branch), please ensure that the Secretary of the Ethiopian Medical Journal is notified of the transfer.

 

NOTICE TO MEMBERS OF THE ETHIOPIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

If you are a paid–up member of EMA, and have not received your copy of EMJ, please notify the secretary, with the support of your ID card or letter from your hospital. Also, if you are transferred to a different hospital or institution, please return the following change of address form PROMPTLY.

 

NAME (in block) ...................................................................................................……...

FORMER ADDRESS: ............................................................................................……..

  1. O. BOX .................................. CITY/TOWN .............................................................

NEW ADDRESS ................................................................................................…………

INSTITUTION ..........................................................................................................…….

  1. O. BOX ....................... CITY/TOWN ..................................................................…..

 

Editorial

- By invitation, but an outlined editorial topic can be proposed and submitted.
Word limit of 1000 words: excluding references and title; no Abstract; references:maximum of 25.

Original Article

Original Articles:
About 2500 words, excluding Abstracts, References, Figures and Tables.
The manuscript of the Article, should appear under the following headings:
- a) Abstract (see below) b) Introduction and Background: to provide necessary information
and background to the Topic. It should not be a review of the subject c)
Materials & Methods: should contain details to enable validation of the study by
others. Ethical aspect of the study is included in this section. It should be a statement
certifying that all applicable institutional and government regulations for
Ethical practice were followed in the conduct of the study. Photos of patients should
be disguised or have a written consent; d) Results: This section should present the
experimental or clinical data in text, tables or figures. The data in Tables and Fig104
ures should not be described extensively in the text. e) The Discussion should focus
on the interpretation and significance of the Results of the study with comments
that compare and describe their relation to the work of others (with references)
to the topic. Do not repeat information of Results in this section.
• Abstracts of the Article is prepared on a separate paper; about 250 words; it should be
structured under the titles: a) Aims/Purpose; b) Methods; c) Results; d) Conclusions.
Briefly summarize the essential features of the article under above headings,
respectively. Mention the problem being addressed in the study; how the study was
conducted; the results and what the author(s) concluded from the results. Statistical
method used can appear under Methods paragraph of the Abstract, but do not
insert abbreviations or References in the Abstract section.
• Keywords: Provide three to six key words, or short phrases at the end of abstract page.
Use terms from medical subject heading of Index Medicus. to assist in cross indexing
the Article.
• The Title page of the Article should be on a separate page of no more than 50 characters.
It should be descriptive. Include the name(s), qualification of the author(s); the
department or Institution to which the study/research is attributed; address of the
main author to whom correspondence should be addressed
• Tables and Figures should not be more than six. Three dimensional histograms are
discouraged. Tables should be typed in triplicate on separate sheets and given
serial Arabic numbers. They should be titled and labeled clearly. Unnecessary
and lengthy tables and figures are discouraged. Units should appear in parentheses
in captions but not in the body of the table. Statistical procedures, if not
in common use, should be detailed in the METHODS section or supported by
references.
• Acknowledgements: Appropriate recognition of contributors to the research, not included
under Authors; also add a note about financial or research funding.
• References:-
1. The accuracy of the References is the authors' responsibility.
2. References should be listed in order of appearance in the text of the manuscript,
as per Vancouver style. Type the References on a separate sheet, double
spaced and keyed to the text Abbreviation of Journal titles should conform to that
in Index Medicus. Provide the first and last pages of each reference.
3. While personal comments or unpolished observation are cited in the text in paren
thesis, published abstracts can be referenced.
4 References with six or less authors should all be listed. If more than six names,
list the first three, followed by: et al
The following examples demonstrate the various Reference styles.
A) Articles
1. Bill A; Aqueous humor dynamics in monkeys (Macacairis and Cercopithecusethiops)
Exp Eye Res 1971; 11:195-206
2. Gilbert C, Foster A. Childhood blindness in the context of Vision 2020: the right
to sight. Bull World Health Org 2001; 79:227-32
3. Bayu Teklu. Disease patterns amongst civil servants in Addis Ababa: an analysis
of outpatient visits to a Bank employee’s clinic. Ethiop. Med J 1980; 18:1-6
4. Edemariam Tsega; Biru Mengesha; Eric Nordenfelt; Bengt-Goran Hansen; Johan
lindberg. Serological survey of Human Immunodeficiency virus infection in Ethiopia.
Ethiop Med J 1988; 26(4): 179-84
5. Laird M; Deen M; Brooks S et al Telemedicine diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy
and Glaucoma by direct ophthalmoscopy (Abstract). Invest Ophthalmol Vis
Sci1996; 37:104105
B. Books and chapters from books
1. Henderson JW. Orbital Tumors, 3rd ed. Raven Press New York, 1994
2. Clipard JP. Dry Eye disorders. In Albert DM, Jakobiec FA (Eds). Principles and
Practice of Ophthalmology. W.B Saunders: Philadelphia, PA 1994 pp257-76
c) Website
David K Lynch; laser History: Masers and lasers.
http://home.achilles.net/-jtalbot/history/massers.htmAccessed 19/04/2001

Brief Communication

Short versions of Research and Applications articles, often describing focused approaches to solve a particular health problem, or preliminary evaluation of a novel system or methodology.

  • Word count: up to 2000 words
  • Abstract up to 200 words; excluding: Abstract, Title, Tables/Figures and References
  • Tables and Figures up to 5
  • References (vide supra—Original Article)

 

Teaching Article

A comprehensive treatise of a specific topic/subject, considered as relevant to clinical medicine and public health targeting EMJ readers.

  • By invitation of the Editorial Board; but an outline of proposal can be submitted
  • Word limit of 8,000; excluding abstract, tables/Figures and references
  • Unstructured Abstract up to  250 words

 

Review Article

By invitation of the Editorial Board; but an outline of proposal can be submitted.
• The chosen topic must be a comprehensive analysis of a specific subject, considered
as relevant to clinical medicine and Public Health;
• Word limit of 8000; excluding abstract, references, tables and Figures.
• Unstructured Abstract of 25Owords;
• Reference: maximum of 100.

Case Report

Report on a rare case or uncommon manifestation of a disease of academic or practical significance.

  • Up to 750 words; excluding: Abstract, Title, Tables/Figures and References
  • Abstract of up to 100 words; unstructured;
  • Tables and Figures: no more than three 
  • References: maximum of 10

 

Case Series

  • Minimum of three and maximum of 20 case reports.
  • Up to 1,000 words; excluding: Abstract, Title, Tables/Figures and References
  • Abstract of up to 200 words; unstructured; (vide supra)
  • Statistical statements here are expressed as 5/8 (62.5%)
  • Tables and Figures: no more than three
  • References: maximum of 20

 

Systematic review

  • Abstract structured with headings as for an Original Article (vide supra)
  • Text for should follow the same format as the one required of an Original Article
  • Word count: up to 8,000 words, excluding abstract, tables/Figures and references
  • Structured abstract up to 250 words
  • Tables and Figures up to 8

 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.